MEC for Human Settlements

The Executive Mayor of Nkangala District Municipality,

Former Executive Mayor of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality, uBaba uNJ Mahlangu,

Speaker of Council,

Chief Whip of Council,

Traditional Leadership,

Members of the Mayoral Committee and Chairpersons of Council Committees,

Members of MPAC,

Fellow Councillors,

Municipal Managers, HOD’s and Officials

Sector Departments

Members from the Business Fraternity,

Religious and Spiritual Leaders,

Youth Formations,

Media houses present here today,

Comrades and Compatriots,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Distinguished Guests,



Lotshani, Dumelang, Sanibonani, Good morning.


Hounourable Speaker, let me start off by thanking our esteemed guests, for honouring our invite to this prestigious event. As the collective leadership of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality we are honoured and humbled to be in their midst here today.


Honourable Speaker, this year, we celebrate the centenary of the birth of Oliver Reginald Tambo the late leader of the African National Congress.


OR Tambo was the longest ever serving president of the ANC from 1969 to 1991. He has been described by his Excellency President Jacob Zuma as a “solution oriented leader who always sought to move forward on the basis of building consensus”.


Tambo was relentless in his pursuit for a better country where all people irrespective of race and gender, lived in dignity and at peace with one another.


Let us remember that Oliver Tambo did not lead a struggle against one of the most brutal regimes in comfort and convenience. There were hard times, but hope and belief in a better South Africa inspired him to continue the fight for a different future.


In his honour, President Jacob Zuma and the ANC declared the year 2017, the Year of Oliver Reginald Tambo, and indeed this declaration is more than befitting and unreservedly welcomed.


The centenary celebrations will take place under the theme “Life and Legacy of OR Tambo” and are expected to run until December 2017.


The celebrations will be used to draw lessons from his life and understand the qualities that made him succeed in uniting the ANC.


On the same breath ladies and gentlemen, let us remember that the month of July marks a momentous occasion on which we remember and celebrate the life of u-Tata, u-Madiba, u-President Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.


U tata was born on the 18th of July 1918 in the former Transkei Region now known as the Eastern Cape.


Today we celebrate the 18th of July as an International Nelson Mandela day to commemorate the lifetime of service President Nelson Mandela gave to South Africa and the world.


Mandela Day calls on all of us, every day, to make the world a better place.


In our quest to make the world a better place, in our quest to make Thembisile a better place, let us remember the great scarifies U-Tata has made for our country. Let us remember his wisdom. Let us remember his compassion and fortitude. Let us remember his courage and most of all let us remember the ideals he stood for.


Honourable Speaker and esteemed guests I urge all present here today to act on his example.


This year, the theme for Nelson Mandela Day is Action Against Poverty.


I urge the esteemed house to make everyday a Mandela Day by celebrating Madiba’s life and legacy in a sustainable way that will bring about enduring change.


Honourable Speaker, the State of the Municipality Address we are presenting here today, is our resolve as the governing party to inspire hope in our communities and to instil faith in their democratic and people-centred local government.


In presenting this State of the Municipality Address, let me point out that this address is within the context of the African National Congress’s 2016 Local Government election manifesto.  


In our Manifesto we set out to broaden access to municipal services and reduce outsourcing.


We set out to improve municipal governance and intensify the fight against fraud and corruption.


We set out to continue to put our people first by improving public participation and accountability.


We set out to ensure sound financial management.


We set out to improve and enhance the institutional capacity of the municipality.


And lastly we set out to strengthen the local economy and create jobs and promote job placements, especially for the youth.


These ideals and aspirations have been institutionalised through our integrated development plan and I can attest Honourable Speaker that we are making significant strides.


Honourable Speaker and esteemed guests, may I emphasize that our vision as Thembisile Hani Local Municipality is to “better the lives of our people through equitable and sustainable service delivery and economic development.”


This vision embodies the essence of the aspirations of our people particularly as it relates to the need to access better services and economic development.


Let me remind this house that to deliver services to our people in a sustainable manner is a constitutional obligation that we as a collective leadership have pledged to achieve and should achieve beyond measure.


To enhance and promote economic development is also a constitutional obligation that we as collective leadership, together with our economic actors should work tirelessly to achieve in order to bring about prosperity and needed change to our people.


Distinguished guests this address takes lineage from the State of the Nation Address as delivered by his Excellency, President Jacob Zuma in February this year, the State of the Province Address as delivered by the Premier of Mpumalanga Province, Premier David Mabuza.


It is furthermore informed by the National Development Plan and the Mpumalanga Growth and Development Strategy, which are master plans initiated at National and Provincial Government aimed at combating the triple challenges of poverty, inequality, and unemployment.


The state of the municipality address is also given shape by the Back to Basics Strategy that demands of us to be a responsive, caring and accountable local government and to serve our communities in a better and more sustainable way.


Esteemed ladies and gentlemen during this occasion we want to reflect on our achievements as a municipality, to identify and acknowledge our shortcomings, and to put in place measures to address these shortcomings.


Honourable Speaker, in the 2016/2017 Financial Year, the ANC lead government of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality engaged our communities through intensive door to door programmes, general community outreach meetings, IDP and budget consultative meetings.


This was done to solicit the needs of the communities and our stakeholders in order for the municipality to set development priorities for the next five years in line with National and Provincial Planning Frameworks.


The council of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality has consequently adopted its 5 year Integrated Development Plan to address the key development challenges identified through the community outreach meetings.


The Municipality has set 12 service delivery priority areas as part of the Integrated Development Plan.


These priority areas are water, sanitation, public lighting, roads and storm water, environment and waste management, municipal facilities, spatial planning and land use management, local economic development and job creation, institutional development, good governance and public participation and most importantly youth development.


Ladies and gentlemen these priorities will be effected through our 7 development objectives approved by council during the 2016/2017 financial year.



As the collective leadership of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality we intend to:


Provide households with basic services including water, adequate sanitation, adequate public lighting and accessible roads


Create integrated and sustainable human settlements through the proactive planning and development of land


Create a safe, clean and healthy environment conducive for social development and recreation


Improve the financial status of the municipality through prudent budget planning, stringent financial management and improved revenue collection


Create a conducive environment for economic development, investment attraction and job creation.


Improve organizational efficiency and promote a culture of professional conduct in order to render quality services


Deepen democracy and promote active community participation in the affairs of the institution


Honourable Speaker, notwithstanding the significant service delivery strides we have made as a collective leadership and the achievements of the past five years, much more is still to be done.


Let us now take this opportunity to look at the progress we have made to date in our various service delivery areas.


Improving access to potable water in Thembisile Hani Local Municipality remains an apex priority. I am proud to say that there has been significant work completed on water infrastructure projects during the 2016/2017 financial year.


To benefit this house let me point out that we have made progress in relation to the water project of abstracting 5 Mega litres of water per day from Moses River.


This project most would remember as the Upgrading of existing infrastructure from agricultural project to augment borehole water supply in Bundu.


In the 2016/2017 financial year we have constructed a Concrete Weir and Abstraction Works and phase 1 of this project will be completed and commissioned before the end of August this year.


Honourable Speaker the construction of a Bulk Pipeline from Bundu to Boekenhouthoek has commenced in the 2016/2017 financial year and will be completed and commissioned before the end of September 2017.


Construction of the 2.5 Mega litres Water Treatment Plant in Bundu will commence in August 2017 and will be completed in June 2018.


This means that the people of Boekenhouthoek, Mathysenloop, Machipe and Bundu will receive 2.5 Million litres of water per day from July 2018, and what a glorious day that will be.



Esteemed guests the construction of the remaining 7.5 Mega litres of a Water Treatment Plant in Bundu will commence by July 2018 and will be completed by June 2019.


Further to the above, construction of the 10 Mega Litre Reservoir in Mathysensloop and Bulk Pipeline from Boekenhouthoek to Mathysensloop will commence in August 2017 and will be completed in June 2019.


In relation to the Kwaggafontein Water Scheme Project, we have commenced with the construction of a 6 kilometre bulk pipeline in December 2016 and the pipeline is to be completed by the end of the current month after necessary quality tests have taken place.


The construction of the 10 Mega litre Reservoir commenced in October 2016, and will be completed in December this year.


Esteemed guests, I would like to take this opportunity to point to to this house that we have experienced major delays on this project during the previous financial year including incidences of arson.


Let me point out to the fact that we strongly condemn such acts including the vandalism of municipal infrastructure and assets in general.


Incidences like this will not be tolerated and criminal charges will be laid against those who commit such offences.


Honourable Speaker you will remember that for a number of financial year’s including the 2016/2017 financial year, our municipality had adopted the position of allocating our entire capital budget for water projects.



It therefore gives me great pleasure to stand here before you and announce that as of June 2016 expenditure on the Municipal Infrastructure Grant stood at 100%.


This is indeed a great achievement for the executive leadership of Thembisile Hani Local Municipality and our new Council.


Distinguished guests, addressing the current water supply challenges in Thembisile is not only a priority for our municipality but also a big priority for the province of Mpumalanga and the National Department of Water and Sanitation headed by our Minister U-Mama U- Nomvula Mokonyane.


U-baba u-Premier David Mabuza has indicated in his State of the Province address that access to basic services such as water, sanitation, electricity, and refuse removal is what makes our living spaces liveable.


This shows a commitment by all spheres of government in tackling our service delivery challenges particularly access to water and descent sanitation. 


Plans are currently underway to abstract 20 mega litres of water per day from Loskop Dam by the Department of water and sanitation.


This project is currently at detailed design stage, and we are eagerly awaiting procurement processes to commence in order to begin the real work of lying pipes that will guide water to our people.



This project will not only  benefit our communities in providing access to water but will also have positive spin-offs in the form of business and work opportunities for our local business people, our local youth and our local woman.


We here at Thembisile are steadfast in saying that local opportunities should be afforded to local people in order to plough back into the local economy and thereby reducing unemployment and eradicating poverty.


Honourable Speaker I am sure that Sanral can attest to our resolve.


During the 2016/2017 financial year about R 100 Million was spent on water purchases from our bulk water suppliers, namely, the City of Tshwane, Dr JS Moroka and Rand Water.


We have also provided all the residents of Thembisile Hani local municipality with free basic services irrespective of their income status.


The Municipality has developed an indigent register to target particularly those households that receive income that is below R1100 per month.


We further call on all indigent households to register on the municipal data base and those who can afford to pay for municipal services to do so patriotically.


Honourable Speaker, with regard to sanitation, the municipality has set aside about R 2.5 Million Rand in the 2017/2018 budget to initiate the construction of waste water treatment plants in Luthuli and Tweefontein K.




Our people have indicated at various outreach meetings that we need to afford them the same kind of service excellence as provided by neighbouring municipalities as far as sanitation is concerned.


We have indeed heeded this call as we are currently conducting studies to gauge the feasibility of a water borne sanitation system.


Madam Speaker our council has approved the 2017/2018 annual budget at the end of June 2017 and as it stands we have committed about 78% of the Capital budget for water and sanitation projects.


Because ladies and gentlemen, water remains a challenge not only for Thembisile Hani Local Municipality but for South Africa at large, we need to begin to consider looking at alternative interventions to providing decent sanitation to all our people.


Let me also appeal to all our people irrespective of their creed, situation, circumstance or environment to use the water that we have sparingly.


Together we are advancing the people’s power in every community, for “Water is life.”


In terms of Land and Human Settlements.


One of our key development objectives as a municipality is to ensure that we create integrated and sustainable human settlements through the proactive planning and development of land.



Hounourable Speaker let me remind this house that our municipality was greatly disenfranchised by the apartheid spatial planning system and unfortunately interventions at the advent of our democratic dispensation in 1994 did not gain much momentum until recent times particularly in areas like i-Thembisile.


We have a number of unplanned settlements and as a result, we are contending with increased demands for planned land with the associated infrastructure and amenities.


But we have however made advances in this area too.


As we sit here today I can confirm that township establishment processes have been completed for Muzimuhle (Gembok), Vlaklaagte View, Kameelpoortnek and the Township establishment in Buhlebesizwe has been conditionally approved and is awaiting environmental due diligence processes to be completed.


On the same breath esteemed guests, Township establishment processes for Kwamhlanga (Kings Park), Kwamhlanga C, Buhlebesizwe South, Buhlebesizwe East and Emlanjeni are still underway and will be completed during the 2017/2018 financial year.


These are not merely subdivisions of land but well researched human settlements that will in future support the integration of social amenities necessary for social and economic development.


We are further working tirelessly with our Provincial Department of Human Settlements and Nkangala District Municipality to ensure that support services and facilities such as schools, clinics and other amenities are integrated into these townships in the near future.




To Amakhos’ ekhethu in our midst here today, I pledge and request that we work together to resolve our land development challenges proactively in order to ensure that we achieve sustainable and integrated human settlements.


Ladies and Gentlemen with regards to our environment and waste management, as a collective leadership, we pledged that we wanted to create a safe, healthy and clean environment for our residents.


This is a constitutional mandate and therefore, there is really no lee-way here, it is what we must do.


I believe that it goes without saying that our environment is our future, and we need to ensure that we manage the waste that we generate safely and responsibly.


The Municipality has a waste collection programme and we have improved our waste collection means over the years by allocating a substantial number of our EPWP participants to assist on our waste management programme.


As of 2016/2017 the Kwaggafontein Landfill site was fully licensed and as the collective leadership we have approved R 9 Million for the upgrading of the Kwaggafontein Land Fill site in the 2017/2018 financial year.


Let us work in collaboration to protect our environment and contribute to the international calls to save our planet.



Moving on to the finances of the Municipality, we must indicate that we still have a long way to go in improving revenue collection and our short term aim is ensure we increase our revenue collection from the current 5% to about 15% by June 2022.


However I must indicate that there is nothing stopping us ladies and gentlemen from going beyond that aspiration.


Like u-Tata Nelson Mandela has said “it always seems impossible until it is done”, so in our minds and in our hearts let us aim at achieving 110%.


Distinguished guests, it is important to reflect and make it known that our Municipality had serious cash flow challenges between 2013 and 2015 and this certainly had a negative impact on service delivery.


Through our collective efforts and the continued commitment by council the Municipality has shown improved financial stability, we are indeed able to meet our financial obligations.


 As at June 2016 the municipality ended the financial year on a cleaner financial obligation slate wherein the municipality was able to pay all invoices that were due by the 30th of June 2017. We intend to continue to manage our finances strictly.


Our audit opinion has however not shown adequate improvement, in that our municipality has being sitting on a qualified opinion for the past three financial years.


However Honourable speaker we are confident and hopeful that progress will be made given the progressive work we have seen during the 2016/2017 financial year in strengthening our financial controls and adhering to our compliance parameters.



In the Local Economic Development front ladies and gentlemen, our council has adopted a number of strategies as part of the 5 year Integrated Development Plan that was adopted by Council in May 2017.


The aim is to ensure that we create a conducive environment for economic development, investment attraction and job creation.


Madam Speaker we are looking at reducing unemployment,


We are looking at providing investors with sound investment incentives and opportunities,


We are looking at facilitating the resuscitation of nature reserves and key tourist destination sites,


We are looking at enhancing the agricultural output of the municipality through local economic development initiatives,


Lastly, we are looking at enhancing the participation of the youth in the economy through targeted programmes initiated by public, civic and private sector organisations and institutions.


In 2015 our poverty and unemployment rates were sitting at a staggering 40.2% and 33.3% respectively.


Esteemed guests, I echo the sentiments of our State President, President Jacob Zuma in saying that we need “radical economic transformation” today.  




The burden is on all of us to ensure that we contribute towards tackling the triple challenges of poverty, inequality and unemployment and this is one of the reason that we have converged here today.


So I invite you ladies and gentlemen to engage, to participate and to bring about change and lasting solutions to our Municipality, it is eagerly awaited and we are more than willing to hear you out and assist wherever we can.


Honourable Speaker, the current situation with regard to the limited economic growth estimates in the country requires more ground-breaking, more innovative and a more radical approach to public-private partnerships in order to bring about economic transformation and job creation.


Let me highlight that as far as private-public partnerships are concerned, we are working in collaboration with HCI Coal to realise the development of a 600 Mega Watt H2 Energy (Coal-Fired) Power Station in Loopspruit.


Once approved by the Department of Energy the power station will be a huge driver for socio-economic development in Thembisile giving us a much needed boost by creating jobs as well as supporting small, medium and macro enterprises.


The construction of the power station will require an investment of about R15 billion from the private investor.


 Preliminary studies have indicated that approximately 2000 jobs will be created out of the project.



During the operational phase, which is envisioned to last for 35 years, the power station will employ approximately 300 – 500 people and cost about R 228 million per annum to operate and maintain.


Honourable Speaker let me point out that one of our key strategies as a municipality is to intensify the support for lucrative investors such as mining agencies through engaging them regularly through our Local Economic Development forum.


We are also working very closely with our businesses in order to address some of the key development concerns we face in order to grow the local economy and create more job opportunities.


Ladies and gentleman I hope that those of us who have travelled to this venue along the R573 road from Limpopo have taken notice of the construction work that is currently underway on Moloto road.


The Moloto road upgrade is no longer a pipe dream but a true reality.


Construction work has begun with major work currently under way at Vlaklaagte Number 1 and the Mathysensloop intersections and let me point out that more is yet to come.


For the benefit of the house let me point out that the Moloto Road Upgrade has 3 Sections.


Section 1 spans from Sefako Makgatho Drive (formerly known as Zambezi Drive) to Moloto Village.


Section 2, our section, spans from Moloto village to Moteti village in Limpopo and Section 3 spans from Moteti Village to Marble Hall.


R 1 billion has been allocated for section 2, that is the construction and work that will be happening in our Municipality.


As of June 2017, 40 local people were employed on the road and an estimated 110 people are still to be employed during phase 1 of the project.


In his 2017 state of the Province address, our Honourable Premier said that “as we reflect on our progress and our challenges, our inputs, outputs and outcomes, we must also question our own performance.


We must interrogate our systems and structures and ask our individual public servants, have we truly served our citizens to the best of our abilities? , have we done enough?


Distinguished guests it is our intention as the government of Thembisile Hani Local municipality to instil a sense of trust and confidence in our people and in their local government.


We must improve organizational efficiency and promote a culture of professional conduct in order to render quality services.


In shaping the outlook of our institution to deliver services to our people, our organisational structure has been restructured with the view of becoming more effective and efficient in responding to service delivery challenges.


Also, we have put in place measures and controls aimed at managing and monitoring our municipal fleet more closely and more effectively.



Furthermore building public confidence in the municipality requires a collective effort by all role players in the public service space, including our Councillors, Amakhos’ ekhethu, the business sector, our religious organisations and most importantly our public servants who we employ to advance the aspirations of our people.


As Thembisile Hani Local Municipality we intend to deepen democracy and promote active community participation in the affairs of the institution.


During the 2016/2017 financial year we have conducted over 30 mayoral outreach meetings,


We have ensured that all 32 ward committee meetings are convened monthly and we promote effective communication with the public and our community through our various communication platforms such as radio and social media on an ongoing basis.


To reflect on our overall performance of the institution in the last quarter of the 2016/2017 financial year. The institution achieved 66% overall performance on planned targets.


It goes without saying ladies and gentleman that this is not enough and much more must be done to improve the performance.


We need to improve and we must improve.


Esteemed guests, at the end of June 2017, the Municipal Council approved its 2017/2018 to 2019/2020 MTREF budget following extensive consultations with all our stakeholders.


 For the 2017/2018 financial year, the operational expenditure committed to the projected revenue amounts to R 411 Million and our total combined operational and capital budget amounts to R 557 Million.


In brief, our operational expenditure is composed of staff benefits which account for 27% of the budget, while councillor allowances account for 6.5%.


The repairs and maintenance allocation accounts for 9.2% and all other planned operational activities account for about 20% of our budget.


Distinguished guests, the biggest portion of our operational budget is set aside for bulk water purchases.


The current budget for bulk water purchases is R 137 Million and this accounts for 33% of our annual budget.


The cost of bulk water purchases and the increasing demand for water, while not duly receiving payment for services is unsustainable and hampers our ability as the municipality to render services effectively.


I therefore appeal to all our residents, our businesses and all private and public institutions to pay for municipal services patriotically in order to increase our revenue base and provide sustainable services to our people.


In our pledge to improve our current state ladies and gentlemen, our Council has approved a capital budget of R 153 Million for the 2017/2018 financial year.


We have allocated R 15 Million of the Municipal Infrastructure Grant to the New Reservoir and Pipeline at KwaMhlanga for Phola Park and Mountain View communities Phase 2 multiyear project. We are targeting to complete a 10 Mega Litre reservoir and a 2.5 kilometre pipeline by 30 June 2018.


R 71 million has been allocated to the Upgrading of Existing Infrastructure to augment borehole water supply in Bundu multiyear project and we are targeting to construct a 1 kilometre pipeline, a 2.5 Mega Litre per day plant module and a 10 Mega Litre reservoir by 30 June 2018.


R 7 Million has been allocated to the upgrading of the Kwaggafontein Water Scheme - Phase 2 Multi-Year Project and we are targeting to complete a 6 km pipeline also by 30 June 2018.


Lastly, we have put aside R4 million for the upgrading of the Enkeldoornoog B Water Infrastructure.


In addition to these water capital projects, I am pleased to announce that we had successful engagements with the Department of Water and Sanitation and we have received an allocation of R 45 Million through the Water Services Improvement Grant for the 2017/2018.


The allocation is to be used to advance our water cause through the upgrading of Vlaklaagte and Kwaggafontein Water Infrastructure,


Upgrading of Vrischgewaagd Reservoir Storage,


Upgrading of Tweefontein A Reservoir Storage,


Upgrading of Mathysensloop Water Infrastructure,


Construction of Reticulation in Kwaggafontein A (Emasimini), and the


Rehabilitation, refurbishment and maintenance of existing water infrastructure.


During our planning for the 2017/2018 financial year we took a slightly different approach in allocating funds for our capital projects.


As I highlighted earlier on, only 78% of our Municipal Infrastructure Grant has been allocated to water and sanitation projects compared to the 100% allocation in past financial years.


Madam Speaker, the remaining 22% of our capital budget was set aside to fund other priority infrastructure projects.


We have budgeted R 1 for the installation of High Mast Lights and Street Lights in Various Villages, R 3.5 Million was set aside for the construction of a road to Mabhoko Cemetery, and R 3 Million was set aside for the regravelling of roads in various villages.


A further R 5.9 Million has been set aside to construct the long anticipated multipurpose center in Phumula and R 9.2 Million was budgeted for the upgrading of the Kwaggafontein Land fill site.




Honourable Speaker and distinguished guests, as I move closer to the end of my address, allow me to echo the sentiments of my predecessor, U-baba uNdaweni Mahlangu in a statement he made on Ikwekwezi FM in June 2016.


“Thembisile Hani will never be the same again.”


Let me further take this opportunity to congratulate Ms Lettah Sikhosana, a 22 year old young lady from Kwaggafontein who completed a Bachelor’s degree in Education at the University of South Africa, cum laude with 27 distinctions in record time.


In her words and I quote “I come from a supportive humble background, my father is a truck driver and my mother is a domestic worker but their occupation did not hinder me to pursue my calling of becoming an educator.”  


And yes indeed ladies and gentlemen our circumstances should never stop us from aiming for the stars and reaching our full potential.


Ladies and Gentlemen I believe that a round of applause is in order. 


Honourable speaker let me also point out that early this year Bob’Ezy one of our very own local artists received a nomination for a metro FM award in the category “best remix song” for his sound track “close to you” which is already topping charts on different radio stations throughout the country including Ikwekwezi FM, Metro FM, Ligwala Gwala Fm, Y FM and Gagasi FM.


We are very proud of our children and we thank them for putting I-Thembisile on the map.


Another round of applause ladies and gentleman.


Esteem guests on a sad note, let us take this opportunity to observe a moment of silence for the late Ray Phiri.


Raymond Phiri was a South African jazz, fusion and mbaqanga musician born in Mpumalanga.


He was a founding member of the Cannibals in the 1970s.


When the Cannibals disbanded Ray founded the very famous Stimela, with whom he conceived gold and platinum-selling albums like Fire, Passion and Ecstacy in 1982 and Look, Listen and Decide in 1986.


May his soul rest in peace.


Honourable Speaker what a productive day it has been for me.


I sincerely hope that the state of the municipality presented here today will provide all of us with a sense of the affairs of our institution and the current state of the municipality and that it will further pave the way to realising our constitutional mandate.


Much more is yet to be done and working together we can move Thembisile forward.

Let me take this opportunity to thank everyone present here today for the opportunity afforded to me this morning.

I would also like to thank the guidance and the trust the ruling party, the ANC, has bestowed upon me for the leadership of our Municipality.



Ke ya leboga.

I thank you.